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AIDS, the latest report of the Ministry of Health
The report in 2014, sent to the Parliament February 23, 2016, illustrates the activities of the Italian Ministry in the field of information, prevention, assistance and implementation of projects related to 'HIV / AIDS.
The report also reviews the activities carried out by the National Commission for the Fight against AIDS and the activities carried out by the Higher Institute of Health, in particular the initiatives in the field of surveillance of infection with HIV and AIDS, the research and telephone counseling (Phone AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases Green).
The report is prepared annually, according to Article 8, paragraph 3, of the Law of 5 June 1990 n.135.
The topics are grouped in two chapters in which they are contained, respectively, the activities of the Ministry of Health and the Institute of Health.
The cure of AIDS and HIV infections is not limited only to diagnostic, clinical and therapeutic, but it requires just as much attention to the implementation of preventive measures.
Among the first it is critical to early diagnosis, which can only be achieved through greater and especially targeted active offer of testing, promoting accessibility, as well as to be increased access to early and appropriate therapy.
Some epidemiological data
New HIV infections
- In 2014, they have been reported 3,695 new diagnoses of HIV infection amounts to an incidence of 6.1 new cases of HIV positive infection per 100,000 residents
- Among European Union countries, Italy ranks in 12th place in terms of HIV incidence. The regions with the highest incidence were: Lazio, Lombardy and Emilia-Romagna.
- People who discovered to be HIV positive in 2014 are males in 79.6% of cases, have a median age of 39 years for males and 36 years for females. The highest incidence was observed among people of 25-29 years (15.6 new cases per 100,000 residents)
- The majority of new diagnoses of HIV infection through sexual intercourse without a condom, which constitute 84.1% of all reports (heterosexual 43.2%; males who have sex with men, MSM 40.9%)
- In 2014, 27.1% of people diagnosed as HIV positive are of foreign nationality. In 2014, the incidence was 4.7 new cases per 100,000 between Italian residents and 19.2 new cases per 100,000 foreign residents. Among the foreigners, the largest share of cases is made up of heterosexual females (36.0%), while among Italians as MSM, (49.0%)
- Since the beginning, in 1982, to date we have been reported over 67,000 cases of AIDS, of which about 43,000 reported as deceased.
- In 2014 they were diagnosed 858 new cases of AIDS amounted to an incidence of 1.4 new cases per 100,000 residents.