In Italy, in 2018, the percentages of resistance to the main classes of antibiotics for the eight pathogens under surveillance (Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Enterococcus faecalis, Enterococcus faecium, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter species) remain higher compared to the European average, even within a declining trend compared to previous years.
Furthermore, the more than 2,000 cases diagnosed in 2018 - also a constant fact - of infections in the blood caused by carbapenemase-producing enterobacteria (CPE), or enzymes that destroy carbapenems (a class of broad-spectrum antibiotics) highlight the widespread use in our country of such bacteremia. These are the updated data published by the Higher Institute of Health on the occasion of the European Antibiotic Awareness Day (November 18, 2019) and of the World Antibiotic Awareness Week (November 18-24, 2019), of the National Surveillance of antibiotic resistance (AR- ISS) and EPC Surveillance, coordinated by the Istituto Superiore di Sanità.
"Unfortunately, our country holds the sad record in the European context of mortality due to antibiotic resistance - declares Annalisa Pantosti, Head of AR-ISS Surveillance - In fact, of the 33 thousand deaths that occur in Europe every year for infections caused by resistant bacteria to antibiotics, over 10 thousand in Italy ”.
"The latest available data - continues the expert - show that the levels of antibiotic resistance and multi-resistance of bacterial species under surveillance are still very high, despite the considerable efforts made so far, such as the promotion of appropriate use of antibiotics and infection control interventions in health care facilities ".
Our country is implementing the National Antibiotic-Resistance Contrast Plan (PNCAR) 2017-2020, which addresses the problem with a "One Health" strategy with monitoring, surveillance and contrast actions of the antibiotic-resistance phenomenon in human and veterinary sector, in line with the plans of international agencies.
Everyone can help fight the phenomenon of antibiotic resistance through the responsible use of these fundamental drugs.
Font: Ministero della Salute