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Shared Lives, in Britain the alternative care for the mentally ill, in Italy in the form of the IESA.

The project Shared Lives, born in Britain as a response to budget cuts for public assistance, is a form of family welcome, unpaid, for people with various challenges, from mental illness to mental disabilities, and it also benefited from Older people.
Now this service is rooted in the whole territory of Great Britain, involves about 12,000 active cases and had an increase of 27% of cases in the last two years (according to the 2016 report) with a cut of 4% of cases placed in facilities protected. Shared Lives is allowing them to reduce the costs of clinical administration to patients with chronic problems and simultaneously to make an act of profound social intelligence.
The Guardian has defined this project as one of the 10 formulas that can change the world for the better.
Over the last 20 years similar projects were born in many European countries (starting from the town of Geel in Belgium, then in France and Germany) arriving in Italy in the form of IESA, (Entering Straight-family Supported by adults suffering from mental disorders) now active on dell'ASLTO3 territory from late 90s.
The experiences and research carried out in Italy but still first in Europe (France, Germany, Holland, Scotland, Belgium, Norway, Finland), show how the inclusion eterofamiliare can be highly beneficial and therapeutic for the patient, through the presence of 'other and the natural abilities affective, educational and support, be experienced in the family, it can recover and enhance their interpersonal skills, autonomy and strengthen their identity.
In particular, with the abbreviation I.E.S.A. It shall mean a process that leads to the insertion of a person followed by psychiatric services within a host family, different from that source, suitably selected and enabled; in exchange for the hospitality offered the family receives a financial contribution in the form of reimbursement of expenses by the D.S.M. and one by the host himself, if he has the opportunity, as a contribution to the family budget in view of patient autonomy. The foster care is accompanied by the continuity of care and relationships with the Mental Health Service and is complementary to other extra-institutional solutions; It works through the network concept at several levels: between actors, including health and community services, including families.
Not to mention that formulas such as this allows you to reach a larger number of users than 3 times compared to the possibilities of protected structures and at the same improve the quality of life of people who can benefit.